Please read Dr. Mezhericher’s article in Physical Review Fluids titled, “Possible, impossible, and expected diameters and production rates of droplets in aerosols and sprays.“
Disintegration of liquids into drops plays a central role in many natural processes as well as in various technological, industrial, and medical applications. Wind and bubble-driven droplet generation over sea surfaces, splashing of raindrops, defense mechanisms of some insects, spray painting, coating of surfaces and particles, agricultural treatment of plants, fuel injection during combustion, atomic spectroscopy, instant coffee and milk powder manufacturing, nasal and pulmonary drug delivery, blood spatter, dental procedures, spreading of airborne pathogens while speaking, singing, sneezing and coughing, and other processes involve production of aerosols and sprays by atomization of liquids. The range of applications is clearly varied and enormous. To read the full article.
Possible, impossible, and expected diameters and production rates of droplets in aerosols and sprays. Mezhericher M, Stone HA. Rev. Fluids 7, 063602 (2022). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.063602